Chatbots and AI tools like ChatGPT that can produce increasingly sophisticated written content almost instantly are already being used to perform a variety of tasks, from writing high school assignments to generating legal documents and even the drafting of laws.
As in any great cycle of technological innovation, some workers will be displaced, artificial intelligence resumes its roles. At the same time, entirely new activities – and potential employment opportunities – will appear.
Read on to find out what experts say are the types of workplace tasks most likely to be handled by ChatGPT and other AI tools in the short term.
ChatGPT can write computer code to program applications and software. It can check the language of human coders for errors and convert ideas from common English into programming language.
“In terms of jobs, I think it’s mostly enrichment rather than full job replacement,” Oded Netzer, a professor at Columbia Business School, told CBS MoneyWatch. “Coding and programming is a good example of that. In fact, it can be writing code very well.”
This could mean doing basic programming work currently done by humans.
“If you’re writing code where all you’re doing is converting an idea into code, the machine can do that. To the extent that we would need fewer programmers, that might kill jobs. But it would also help those who program to find errors in code and write code more efficiently,” Netzer said.
Writing simple administrative or scheduling emails for things like setting up or canceling appointments could also be easily outsourced to a tool like ChatGPT, according to Netzer.
“There’s hardly any creativity involved, so why should we write it all down instead of saying to the machine, ‘I have to schedule a meeting for this date,'” he said.
Intermediate level writing
David Autor, an MIT economist specializing in labor, has identified some mid-level white-collar jobs as functions that can be handled by AI, including jobs such as human resources letter writing, text production advertising and writing press releases.
“Robots will be much more in the realm of people doing a mix of intuitive and mundane tasks like writing basic advertising copy, first drafts of legal documents. These are expert skills, and there’s no doubt that software will make them cheaper and therefore devalue human labor,” Autor said.
Media planning and buying
Creative industries are also likely to be affected. Famed advertising executive Sir Martin Sorrell, founder of WPP, the world’s largest advertising and public relations group, told a recent panel that he expects the way companies buy of advertising space become automated “in a very efficient way” within five years.
“So you won’t be dependent as a customer on a 25-year-old media planner or buyer, who has limited experience, but you can pool the data. That’s the big change,” he said. -he declares.
ChatGPT’s capabilities translate well into the legal profession, according to AI experts as well as legal professionals. In fact, the ChatGPT bot recently passed a law school exam and earned a passing grade after writing essays on topics ranging from constitutional law to taxation and torts.
“The dynamic that’s happening to lawyers now is that there’s way too much work to do, so they’re making an artificial distinction between what they’ll be working on and what’s going to be left out,” said Jason Boehmig, co-founder and CEO of Ironclad, a legal software company.
Common legal forms and documents, including house rental agreements, wills, and nondisclosure agreements, are fairly standard and can be drafted by an advanced bot.
“There are parts of a legal document that humans have to adapt to a particular situation, but 90% of the document is copy-pasted,” said Netzer of Columbia Business School. “There is no reason why the machine should not write this kind of legal documents. You may need to explain the settings in English first, then the machine should be able to write it just fine. Less you have to be creative, the more it has to be replaced.”
“There are not enough lawyers to do all the legal work for companies,” Boehmig added. “The way lawyers work will be radically different. If I were to put a stake on jobs that won’t be there, I think it’s lawyers who won’t adapt to new ways of working over the next decade. .There seems to be a separation between people who don’t want to change and people who realize they have to.”